Planning for Your New Septic System
You will choose a system that sends one of three types of sewage effluent to your yard. Pictured from left to right are examples of fully treated, partially treated, and untreated effluent.
How to Choose the Best Septic System for Your New Home Build
Building a home is an exciting time! However, the many decisions you need to make can feel overwhelming. Along with electricity and clean running water, remember that your wastewater treatment and removal system is one of the main functions of your home.
When choosing a wastewater system or septic system, you want to make the right decisions from the beginning. Choosing the right system will help maintain the value of your property, ensure the safety of your family and pets, and provide worry-free functionality.
These items will influence your sewage treatment decision:
- Soil type (What kind of soil are you working with?)
- Land size and shape (How much space is available for septic?)
- Safety considerations (What level of treatment do you want?)
- Landscaping and topography (What do you want your yard to look like? Do you want to save trees? Do you want other buildings or a pool in the future?)
- Who will design and install it (Will they consider alternative solutions?)
- Local regulations (What are the rules in your county or state?)
These factors will guide you in deciding whether your system will have a leach field, a mound, or a more advanced solution. As you read through this website and our free Homeowner’s Guide, we will help you understand these items so you can decide on the best wastewater system for your new home. After all, your home is a long-term investment for you and your family.
You will ultimately be responsible for maintaining this system and ensuring the health and safety of your property, so don’t just leave this choice up to others. Make sure you’re choosing the right system for your property and for your values regarding safety and the environment.
How to Plan for Your New Septic System
1. Start with a soils analysis.
Once you have your lot picked out, you’ll start by getting a soils analysis. You should do this before you purchase the land. Why do you need a soils analysis? Traditional septic systems only work if the soil in the dispersal area can treat and absorb the liquid discharged from your septic system. Standards will vary, depending on the state in which you want to build. Before installing a septic system, you must get a system design approved by your local governing authority based on a professional soil report.
Need help finding an available soils tester? We’ll help you find one!
2. Consider your land, budget, and energy costs.
After your soils report, you can decide which type of system your land will accommodate. You have options. You’ll need to consider many things, such the size and shape of your lot, where the acceptable soils are located on it, any landscaping you want to keep or clear, and whether or not you want to have any additional features like a pool, shed, or barn. Most importantly, you’ll need to make sure the system you want will also fit into your budget.
3. Submit your design to the county.
You’ll work with an equipment manufacturer, a septic system designer, an installation contractor, or your builder to develop a wastewater system design for your property. Once you have a design, your designer or the contractor who will do the installation takes this to the appropriate department (typically a County Health Department) for approval. You may need to be involved in this step if you have a design that does not fully meet all typical local requirements.
Note: You will need this approval before you start building your home. Ideally, you should get this approval before you purchase your lot.
Make sure your designer or installer is listening to your needs, helping you preserve as much of your land as possible, and getting you the yard you want.
Need help finding a qualified system designer or installer? We can help you find one!
4. Obtain a Permit.
Once the county has approved your design, you’ll receive a permit. Now it’s time to sign a contract with the installation company. The wastewater treatment system is one of the first things you must get approved, but one of the last things to be installed, when building a new home. Hold on to this permit until it’s time for your system to be installed.
Remember, choosing a wastewater system or septic system will impact an essential function of your home. It is an important investment decision and shouldn’t be taken lightly. Carefully consider your options and what kind of impact your system will have on the layout of your property. Choosing the right system will help maintain the value of your property, ensure the safety of your family and pets, and provide worry-free functionality.Download Your Free Septic System Buyer’s Guide